Tempesta, Orani João
Order in College: Cardinal Priest
With Title: Santa Maria Madre della Providenza a Monte Verde
Native Country: Brazil
Appointed by: Pope Francis on 22 February 2014
Ecclesiastical Office:  Archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Papal Elector: Eligible; Ineligible on 23 June 2030

Orani João Tempesta was born in São José do Rio Pardo, Brazil on 23 June 1950. In 1967 he entered the Cistercian monastery of São Bernardo. On 2 February 1969, he made his profession in the Cistercian Order and was ordained a priest on 7 December 1974. He then served as subprior of the monastery of Our Lady of St Bernard and vicar at the parish of São Roque. In 1984 he was elected prior of the monastery and parish of São Roque, while also serving as head of communications and pastoral life for the diocese, and as professor at the diocesan seminary Coração de Maria. In September 1996, when the monastery of São Bernardo was elevated to an abbey, he became its first abbot. He was ordained a bishop on 25 April 1997 subsequent to his appointment as Bishop of São José do Rio Preto. In 1998 he became a member of the Board of the Instituto de brasilerio comunicação Cristã, which he currently serves as president. From 1999-2002 he served as administrator of the Cistercian abbey of Clavaral in Minas Gerais and from 2001-2002 as apostolic visitor to the monastery of São Bento in Olinda, in the Pernambuco. In 2003 he was elected President of the Commission on Culture, Education and Social Communications for the National Bishops' Conference, and as a member of the Bishops' Pastoral Council, Permanent Council and Economic Council. On 13 October 2004 Pope John Paul II appointed him to the Archiepiscopal See of Belém do Pará. Shortly thereafter, the National Conference of Brazilian Bishops elected him to the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American and Caribbean Bishops' Conferences, which took place at Aparecida in May 2007. On 27 February 2009 Pope Benedict xvi appointed him Archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro. There he also served as president of the Cathedral Radio Foundation, as grand chancellor of the Pontifical Catholic University, as president of the Archdiocesan Youth Apostolate and of the Brazilian Institute of Catholic Marketing. He was one of the principal architects of XXVIII World Youth Day in Rio de Janeiro, the first presided over by Pope Francis. On 7 February 2013, the Holy Father appointed him a member of the Pontifical Council for the Laity.