Kovithavanij, Francis Xavier Kriengsak
Order in College: Cardinal Priest
With Title: Santa Maria Addolorata
Native Country: Thailand
Appointed by: Pope Francis on 14 February 2015
Ecclesiastical Office:  Archbishop of Bangkok, Thailand 
Papal Elector: Eligible; Ineligible on 27 June 2029

Francis Xavier Kriengsak Kovithavanij was born on 27 June 1949 in Ban Rak, Thailand. After attending St Joseph’s Seminary in Sampran, he studied philosophy and theology at the Pontifical Urban University in Rome, from 1970-1976. He was ordained a priest on 11 July 1976. Later that year he became parish vicar of the Nativity of Mary in Ban Pan and then, from 1977-1979, parish vicar of the Epiphany in Koh Vai. He then served as vice-rector of St Joseph’s Minor Seminary in Sampran from 1979-1981, before returning to Rome, from 1982-1983, for a specialization in spirituality at the Pontifical Gregorian University. Upon returning to Thailand he was rector of the Holy Family Intermediate Seminary in Nakhon Ratchasima for six years. From 1989-1993, he served as undersecretary of the Bishop’s Conference of Thailand, and then, from 1992-2000 as rector of the Lux Mundi National Major Seminary in Sampran, where he has been an adjunct professor since 2001. He served, as parish priest of Our Lady of Lourdes in Hua Take from 2000-2003, then from 2003-2007 he served as parish priest of the Cathedral, and as secretary of the Presbyterial Council of the Archdiocese of Bangkok. Pope Benedict XVI appointed him Bishop of Nakhon Sawan on 7 March 2007, and he received his episcopal ordination on 2 June of that year. On 14 May 2009 he was appointed Archbishop of Bangkok, following the resignation of his predecessor, Archbishop Michael Michai Kitbunchu, Thailand’s first cardinal. He was elected vice-president of the Bishops’ Conference of Thailand later that year, and in that capacity he plays a fundamental role in the diaogue with Buddhists. In 2012 he attended the Synod of Bishops, where he was elected to the Commission for Information. He was also called that year to assume the position of coordinator of Bishops Friends of the Focolare Movement.